Buying the right dog food is essential to keep your dog healthy, happy and full of energy. Different dogs need different types of food, and the kind needed can vary based on the dog's stage of life, general health and special needs. This means your dog’s needs can change over time, so knowing which dog foods are best during different stages of life can improve your dog’s quality of life.

Talk to your vet about the best type of food for your dog, keeping in mind that your dog’s nutritional needs will change as your dog ages and experiences other changes, including pregnancy and illness.

Top 10 Best Rated Dog Food

Canidae features dry and wet pet food made from lamb, salmon, bison or duck. All kibbles are finished with HealthPLUS Solutions: a mixture of probiotics, antioxidants and healthy omega oils for optimal health and nutrition.
Nutro pet foods were developed for cats and dogs using all-natural ingredients. Dog and cat food brands manufactured by Nutro include Greenies, Max Cat, Perfect Portions, Rotations and Farm's Harvest.
Natural Balance features a wide range of dog foods, from the high-protein Wild Pursuit range that combines three sources of meat, to the vegetarian range created from a plethora of nutritional grain and vegetables.
Evangers pet foods are made from human-grade ingredients, without any preservatives, artificial flavors or by-products. Wet foods are hand-packaged to ensure quality and consistency.
Eukanuba dog food is highly specialized to cater puppies & adults from breeds big to small. Older dogs, dogs in need of weight control and special breeds also receive attention with a vitamin-rich blend of chicken-based meals.
Taste of the Wild has strict quality assurance processes for ensuring that its pet food products are high quality and safe for pets. This includes on-site testing, production environment monitoring and pathogen testing.
Royal Canin pet foods for dogs and cats are specially formulated for different breeds, ages and dietary needs. Urinary SO is the leading diet recommended by veterinarians for pets with illnesses of the urinary tract.
Blue Buffalo pet foods are made for both cats and dogs in all-natural formulas. Dry kibble, wet canned foods and treat pouches are available in a variety of special lines, such as Freedom-Grain-Free, and Wilderness-Meat-Rich.
Purina pet foods are distributed through a variety of brands, including Purina ONE, Friskies, Fancy Feast, Cat Chow, Kitten Chow, and Beneful. These dry foods, wet foods and treats are for dogs and cats.
Kirkland Signature Pet Foods are made with either chicken or lamb or brown rice and vegetables. Dry foods have a guaranteed minimum of 26-32% protein, except for weight loss formulas which contain less to keep calories low.

A recognized expert and leader in pet nutrition, Dr. Ken Tudor has written over 200 articles on the subject. He also has a featured weekly blog on petMD, is published in major veterinary journals and is a frequent internet media guest expert. He is the founder of Hearthstone Homemade, a recipe and supplement program for pet parents wishing to feed nutritious homemade dog food.

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What features matter most?

Nutritional content

Not all dog food has the same nutritional content. Some foods are higher in protein or carbohydrates, while others have different fat content.

  • High fat: Dog food with lots of fat may be recommended for working dogs or dogs with kidney disease or cancer.
  • Quality meats: Protein provides many essential nutrients. Puppies and dogs with diabetes and some intestinal diseases need food with more protein, so check out the meat content on your favorite brands.
  • Carbohydrates: Grains, beans, potatoes, fruits and vegetables provide energy, antioxidants, other nutrients and fiber that is important for intestinal health.

Mineral content

Some dog foods contain higher amounts of some minerals than others. It's important to check the mineral content because some dogs need different amounts.

  • Copper: Some breeds cannot even tolerate normal amounts of copper in their food. This metal can build up in the liver and cause serious health problems.
  • Zinc: Malamutes and Siberian Huskies need more zinc in their diet; dog food that is not high in zinc can cause skin problems for these breeds.

Availability

Not all dog foods are equally available. Some brands require a vet's prescription, while others are sold in specialty pet stores rather than the supermarket.

  • Allergy-free brands & medical formulas: Your vet can give you special formula diets for allergies and other medical problems.
  • Premium brands: Some brands are known for special formulas and ingredients for various life stages. You may need to visit a specialty pet store in order to get these foods.
  • Name brands: Name brands may also have special formulas for life stages but are sold in supermarkets and online as well as in specialty stores.

Taste and texture

Dogs react differently to different tastes and textures. Your dog may prefer some types of food to others.

  • Variety of flavors: Dogs have their own favorite flavors, but some dogs may also want a variety. They can get bored if you give them the same food over and over.
  • Soft or hard: Some dogs prefer softer textures or may require softer foods due to mouth and dental problems.
  • Smell of food: Dogs have sensitive noses; if they don't like the way food smells, they won't eat it.

Medical requirements

If your dog has certain health issues, the vet may suggest a special diet. You can get foods to meet your dog's health needs at the vet's office or at some pet stores with a veterinary prescription.

  • Ultra-low carb foods: Dogs with cancer usually need a low carb diet in order to starve cancer cells and stop their cancer from spreading.
  • Low protein foods: Dogs with kidney disease, some liver problems and certain bladder stones need diets low in protein.
  • High protein, high fat: Growing, active puppies need a high protein diet in order to support their growth and their need for energy. Dogs with heart disease also need these diets.
  • Low fat foods: Dogs with pancreatitis and many intestinal conditions require diets low in fat.
  • Low caloric content: Overweight and older dogs with lower activity levels need fewer calories than other dogs. The low caloric content helps maintain a healthier weight.

What are different types of dog food?

Canned food

Canned dog food is cooked at high temperatures in sealed cans to make sure it's sterile for distribution.

No preservatives: Canned food will often have no preservatives, artificial colors or artificial flavors, because it is cooked in sealed cans

Moisture level: Dogs needing to lose weight often feel fuller faster when eating canned food because it has 7 times more water than dry food.

Easier to eat: Dogs with dental or mouth problems may find it easier to eat canned foods, which are softer than dry dog food.

Expense: Canned food is more expensive than dry food.

Convenience: Some find opening and storing canned food less convenient than dry or semi-moist foods

Semi-moist food

This type of food has moisture halfway between dry and wet food. It can be in pellet or chunk form and has a soft, chewy texture. Many dog treats are also semi-moist.

Preservatives: Preservative may be necessary in some brands to prolong shelf life

Moisture level: Also more filling for dogs needing weight loss because it has 3-4 times more water than dry.

Easier to eat: The soft texture makes it easier to eat for dogs with dental or mouth problems.

Expense: Semi-moist is cheaper or equal to canned food but more expensive than dry food.

Convenience: Semi-moist is packaged in easily stored bags so has the same convenience as dry food. It does need sealed storage in hot, humid weather.

Dry food

Dry food is hard, bite sized chunks, biscuits or pellets dogs crack with their back teeth. Dry food needs higher levels of carbohydrates than the other types of food in order to “pop” the food into its many shapes.

Preservatives: Dry food needs preservatives to prolong shelf life.

Moisture: Dry food is only 10% water so it is less filling, especially for dogs needing weight loss.

Harder to eat: Dry food needs to be cracked into smaller chunks that are difficult for dogs with dental problems. Dogs fed dry food have less dental tarter.

Expense: Dry dog food is the least expensive.

Convenience: Dry food is packaged in easy to store bags and does not generally need special storage needs.

Who's it for?

Active, healthy dogs

Active dogs need a diet with the proper balance of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Meat, oils, vegetables and grains will help give them the energy they need.

Puppies

Puppies need a high protein, high fat diet to support their growth. Puppies also need more calcium and phosphorus than adult dogs for strong bone growth.

Pregnant or lactating dogs

Pregnant dogs need more calories than adult dogs and lactating dogs need a diet similar to that for puppies.

Senior dogs

Senior dogs need diets higher in proteins to prevent muscle loss with higher fiber and lower calories to help prevent age-related obesity.

Dogs with cancer or chronic illnesses

Dogs with chronic illnesses need a diet to control their illness. For example, diabetic dogs and dogs with cancer need a high fat, high protein and low carb diet.

What do the experts have to say?

  • Canidae Pet Foods

    Canidae is a premium dog food company, offering a variety of flavors and types of food to dogs throughout the United States.

    • Grain-free foods: If your dog has a grain allergy or you would prefer to give him a natural diet, you can purchase grain-free foods here.
    • Fresh meat and vegetables: These foods contain a blend of meat and vegetables providing your dog with optimal health.
    • Made for pets in all stages of life: From puppy to senior, you'll be able to provide your dog with the nutrition he needs.
    • Variety of flavors: Canidae offers unique flavors such as duck and bison as well as standard sources of protein like chicken or lamb.
    • Quality control measures: All products go through rigorous quality control assessments such as testing ingredients before using them, testing the quality throughout the food preparation process and doing safety checks prior to releasing the food for sale.
    • Best for Puppies, pregnant or lactating dogs, senior dogs and active healthy dogs.
  • Natural Balance Pet Foods

    Natural Balance is endorsed by actor Dick Van Patten and has been using nutritional science to formulate dog food since 1989. This food is often used by dog trainers.

    • Company owned by dog owners: Most of the owners and employees own dogs; their goal is to create food that maximizes canine health for their own animals as well as the dogs that belong to Natural Balance's customers.
    • Offers choices for dogs on limited diets: Dogs who need a low protein, low carbohydrate or grain-free diet can get the nutrients they need.
    • Extensive testing before release: Natural Balance food is always tested for nine contaminants before being released for sale.
    • Real-time lab results: Users who want to know exactly what is in their dog food can input the bar code online and get access to lab results.
    • Dog Rolls offer dogs a nutritious treat: Dog Rolls can be used as a treat or as a main meal; this product helps keep skin healthy and is often used by trainers to help reinforce good behavior.
    • Best for Dogs with special health needs and dogs in need of training.
  • Nutro Dog Food

    Nutro has been providing natural ingredients to pet food since 1926. Nutro’s commitment to healthy and safe pet food keeps their formula tailored for each stage of a pet’s life. Nutro is also active in local and national pet communities through its dog park appreciation program, its partnership with RESCUE BANK pet food distribution program, its support of the Natural Disaster Search Dog Foundation and its sustainability efforts.

    • Nutro Rotations: Nutro Rotations is a dog food product designed to add variety to your dog’s diet. Rotations’ recipes are interchangeable, meaning that you can switch between food bags without harming your dog’s stomach. This brand of food is designed for dogs up to seven years old and 65 pounds.
    • Farm’s Harvest: Farm’s Harvest dog food combine kibble with farm-raised fruits and vegetables for a balanced, nutritious meal. Farm’s Harvest is available for small and large dogs of all ages.
    • Nutro Ultra: Nutro Ultra is a specialty dog food that uses nutrient-packed food designed to build muscles, improve vision, keep coats shiny and maintain a healthy immune system. Ultra products are available for toy, small and large breeds of all ages.
    • Wild Frontier: Wild Frontier is Nutro’s high-protein dog food. This food is grain-free and is designed for active dogs.
    • Greenies: Nutro’s Greenies dog treats are designed to improve pet health. Greenies Dental Chews help dogs maintain healthy teeth and gums, and Greenies Pill Pockets are treats that make feeding your dog medicine easier.
    • Best for Dogs of all ages and sizes, especially dogs in need of healthy, nutritional food.
  • Eukanuba Dog Food

    Eukanuba, named after a piece of slang from the jazz age that means "the best," strives to give dogs the best, most nutritionally sound dog food available. Eukabana has been around since the late 1960s and is a spin-off of Iams, one of the best-known pet food companies.

    • Best for Puppies, senior dogs, dogs that are pregnant or lactating,, dogs with cancer or chronic illness and active healthy dogs.
  • Iams Dog Food

    Iams has been selling dog food since 1946 and today is one of the world's best-known pet food companies. Its goal is to improve the health of dogs all over the world through nutritional offerings.

    • Best for Puppies, senior dogs, active dogs and dogs with special health needs.
  • Innova Dog Food

    Innova makes dog food using handpicked meats, vegetables and fruits grown or raised on local farms. They pride themselves on offering quality, foods for pets.

    • Best for Adult dogs, puppies and dogs who are pregnant or lactating.
  • California Natural Dog Food

    California Natural is an all-natural dog food company that consults with veterinarians and breeders to create the healthiest dog food options available.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies and dogs that are pregnant or lactating.
  • HealthWise Dog Food

    Healthwise Pet Food is a subdivision of California Natural offering many of the same benefits including consulting with veterinarians and working towards exceptionally healthy pet food.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, dogs that are pregnant or lactating and puppies.
  • Mother Nature Dog Biscuits

    Mother Nature makes all-natural dog treats. This company focuses on giving dogs healthy, nutritious treats in a variety of flavors.

    • Offers fresh baked smells and flavors: Dogs will enjoy the scents and flavors and become excited about eating these treats.
    • All natural dog treats: Dogs can have the benefit of treats without any artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.
    • No genetically modified ingredients: Mother Nature uses all natural ingredients and does not use soy or corn - as these ingredients are often genetically modified.
    • Three different cooking methods: Every product is cooked using one of three methods--baking, canning or extrusion cooking--to create a safe, healthy and delicious product for your dog.
    • Offers puppy treats: This company offers specially formulated treats for young dogs to help support growth and development.
    • High in calories: Some flavors are high in calories. Overfeeding these treats could lead to weight gain.
    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies, and dogs that are pregnant or lactating.

  • Taste of the Wild

    Taste of the Wild makes pet food for cats and dogs. All of its pet food products are grain free, and include a range of ingredients, including meats, fruits, vegetables, antioxidants, chelated minerals and probiotics. Taste of the Wild focuses on producing nutritionally balanced pet food products that help support and enhance pet health.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies and dogs that need to eat healthy.
  • EVO Dog Food

    Evo is an all-natural, grain-free dog food company that believes dogs should be given a diet similar to what they would get in the wild.

    • Offers extra protein to build lean muscle mass: Evo products are made primarily out of red meat, fish or poultry to ensure dogs get the extra protein they need to build lean muscle mass.
    • Gluten and grain-free: Dogs with and without allergies may benefit from a grain-free diet, as this type of diet can help maximize protein's effects.
    • Offers concentrated nutrition: This dry food is nutrient-rich, so dogs should be able to fill up faster on smaller servings.
    • Food is cooked to maximize nutrients: Food is either canned, baked or subject to extrusion cooking, depending on the ingredients, to maximize nutrients while eliminating bacteria.
    • Tests food on its own animals: Evo tests new formulas and newly manufactured foods on animals it cares for itself in order to ensure testing is done humanely and that food is high quality.
    • Best for Active dogs, dogs with allergies and dogs with health issues.

  • Back to Basics Dog Food

    Back to Basic's mission is to provide dogs with nutritious meals closely resembling their natural diet in the wild. This company is dedicated to providing dogs with natural, nutritious and appealing food.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies, and dogs that are pregnant or lactating.
  • Ultra Holistic Dog Food

    Ultra-Holistic Dog Foods uses a blend of ingredients to provide dogs with nutrition, help the strength and shininess of their coats and keep them healthy.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies, dogs that are pregnant or lactating and senior dogs.
  • Nature's Variety Dog Food

    Nature's Variety is an independently owned pet food company that makes its own pet food using all natural ingredients. It offers a variety of pet foods to support different diets that dogs may need to follow for their health.

    • Best for Healthy active dogs, puppies and dogs that are pregnant or lactating.
  • Purina Dog Chow

    Purina Dog Chow is one of the best-known dog food brands. Its products can be found in most supermarkets and pet stores.

    • Best for Puppies, dogs who are pregnant or lactating, healthy active dogs,, senior dogs and dogs who have chronic illness.

11 – 32 Best Rated Dog Food

Purina Dog Chow is formulated in a variety of ways to provide optimal nutrition for puppies, adult dogs, seniors, large breeds and overweight dogs. Dog Chow and Puppy Chow are dry kibble-type food.
Hills pet foods include Science Diet, Prescription Diet, Ideal Balance and Healthy Advantage. These foods are well-balanced for both cats and dogs, and are recommended and sold by many veterinarians.
Wysong Natural pet food offers a range of nutritionally enhanced meals for dogs, cats, horses and ferrets. The formulas were developed in-house by pet health experts that include Dr. Wysong himself.
Science Diet is formulated for both cats and dogs to give them healthy organs and smooth, shiny fur. The first ingredient is always fresh chicken or salmon, and there are no preservatives or artificial flavorings.
Iams features a supply of dog foods appropriate for all life stages. Varieties include Grain Free Naturals, Healthy Naturals and Adult Chunks with beef. Several wet and dry blends are formulated for special needs dogs.
Beneful dog food is available in dry, wet, or treat forms. Kibble is made with beef or chicken, while the wet Chopped Blends formulas are made with beef, chicken, lamb, turkey, salmon or chicken liver.
Diamond dog foods are available dry, canned or as treats. The brand offers a grain-free line as well as the probiotic-enhanced Naturals range. These dog foods are made from beef, beef liver, lamb and chicken.
Ol Roy pet foods are formulated to give dogs a complete, balanced and nutritious meal. The meaty flavor of the kibble is enticing, while the 23 vitamins work to keep dogs healthy and full of energy.
Pedigree makes a range of dog food that is categorized by life stage, size and age. Their dry foods, wet foods and treats are specially formulated to help ease hip and joint pain, oral problems, weight issues and food allergies.
Big Heart Pet Brands, formerly Del Monte Pet Foods, includes many well-known pet food treats and foods such as 9 Lives, Meow Mix, Nature's Recipe, Milk Bone, Alley Cat, Pup-Peroni and Snausages.
Avoderm pet foods are specially formulated for cats and dogs based on the principle that avocado oil promotes healthy skin and fur. Each batch of dry or wet pet food is mixed with soft, ripe avocados.
Alpo is a line of dog food featuring canned meat stews, with dry kibble and cracker treats forming a secondary part of the business. The canned food contains beef, lamb and chicken, sometimes with extra gravy or vegetables.
Menu Pet Foods was purchased by Simmons Pet Food in 2010.
Petguard is an organic pet food created for both cats and dogs. The ingredients have been sourced from chemical-free farms, and no sugar, salt or preservatives are added to the formulas.
Innova's grain-free dog food recipes include a wide variety of protein-rich meats, including bison, beef, venison, chicken, turkey, salmon and wild herring. Lentils and split peas provide fiber to aid digestion.
California Natural dog food blends are based on a basic protein & carbohydrate formula. These include chicken & rice, lamb & rice, and herring & sweet potato. Varieties are available for puppies, weight control & senior dogs.
The HealthWise dog food formula integrates complex carbs from whole grains like oatmeal & brown rice with animals proteins from chicken or lamb. These dry dog foods are available for puppies & adults in both meat flavors.
Back to Basics dog food is made with organ meat for optimal nutrition. Turkey, pork and beef-liver are the main ingredients in a range of wet and dry foods, with many grain-free options available.
The various dog food blends from Ultra Holistic combine whole grains, oils and lean proteins such as flax seeds, sunflower oil and salmon. This brand has special meals available for puppies, adults, seniors and overweight dogs.
Nature's Variety is free of chemicals, soy, corn, wheat, preservatives and coloring. It comes in dry and wet varieties. Instinct is grain free & based on whole animal proteins while Prairie incorporates grain into their formula.