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    Amity Packing recalls raw ground beef

    The product may be contaminated with extraneous materials

    Amity Packing Company of Chicago, Ill., is recalling approximately 2,020 pounds of raw ground beef.

    The product may be contaminated with extraneous materials -- specifically clear, thin pliable plastic.

    There are no confirmed reports of adverse reactions.

    The following item, produced on January 6, 2020, is being recalled:

    • 1-lb. VACUUM-PACKED, packages containing “Pre 95% LEAN/5% FAT GROUND BEEF” with lot code “0060,” case code “11402” and USE/FREEZE BY date of “01/31/2020” on the product label.

    The recalled products, bearing establishment number “EST. 6916” printed on the right, front side of the package, was shipped to retail locations in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.

    What to do

    Customers who purchased the recalled product should not consume it, but discard or return it to the place of purchase.

    Consumers with questions may contact Pre Brands at (844) 773-3663.

    Amity Packing Company of Chicago, Ill., is recalling approximately 2,020 pounds of raw ground beef. The product may be contaminated with extraneous mate...
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    Chiplote agrees to nearly $2 million settlement with Massachusetts over child labor violations

    The state attorney general’s office charged the company with over 13,000 violations

    Chipotle Mexican Grill has agreed to a nearly $2 million settlement with the state of Massachusetts to resolve more than 13,000 alleged violations of child labor laws.

    The company will pay $1.37 million in restitution and penalties and write a check for another $500,000 to the state to fund education programs about child labor and enforcement of the laws, as well as training and workforce development for young workers. 

    “Chipotle is a major national restaurant chain that employs thousands of young people across the country and it has a duty to ensure minors are safe working in its restaurants,” said Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey. “We hope these citations send a message to other fast-food chains and restaurants that they cannot violate our child labor laws and put young people at risk.”

    Started with a parent’s complaint

    Healey’s office opened the investigation after the parent of a Chipotle employee under age 18 complained. The parent reported that the young person, who worked at a location in Beverly, Mass., was routinely required to work past midnight.

    The investigation reviewed Chiplole’s employee records and determined that this was not an isolated case. It alleged that minors who worked at Chipotle often worked late and were required to perform duties that investigators alleged were in violation of state labor laws.

    The alleged violations included minors employed without work permits, allowing dozens of 16- and 17-year old employees to work later than the law allows, and minors working beyond the nine-hour daily limit and 48-hour weekly limit. 

    The alleged violations didn’t stop there. Investigators said Chipotle did not properly notify employees of their rights under the earned sick time law, failed to provide the attorney general’s office with complete timekeeping records when they were requested, and failed to pay workers within six days of the end of a pay period in some locations.  

    Now in full compliance

    Healey says the restaurant chain cooperated with her investigation and accepted the civil citations as part of the settlement agreement. Since then, she says Chipotle has come into full compliance with state law.

    While fast-food and quick-serve restaurants depend heavily on young workers, Massachusetts has very strict rules about employment of minors. State law prevents children under 18 from working more than nine hours a day or more than 48 hours a week. 

    Fourteen- and 15-year-old children may not work later than 7 pm and 16- and 17-year-old children may not work later than 10 p.m. on a night preceding a school day, or later than midnight preceding a non-school day. State law also requires employers to have work permits on file for all workers under 18 years of age.

    Chipotle Mexican Grill has agreed to a nearly $2 million settlement with the state of Massachusetts to resolve more than 13,000 alleged violations of child...
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      United Airlines cancels several flights to China in wake of coronavirus outbreak

      Flights scheduled to three major hubs have been suspended for the beginning of February

      The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that consumers cancel any nonessential to China due to a deadly outbreak of coronavirus, and it seems that some airlines are taking that notion to heart.

      United Airlines announced on Tuesday that it would be suspending several flights to three major Chinese hubs from February 1 through February 8. CNBC reports that the reduced service will affect about a dozen flights per day, including travel between Hong Kong and United hubs in San Francisco and Newark; Beijing and hubs in Washington D.C., Newark, and Chicago; and Shanghai and hubs in San Francisco, Newark, and Chicago.

      United cited a “significant decline in demand” as the reason for reducing service. “We will continue to monitor the situation as it develops and will adjust our schedule as needed,” the company said in a statement.

      Coronavirus outbreak spreads

      The coronavirus outbreak has been traced to the Wuhan area of China, and it has been a devastating force to those who live there. Chinese officials have linked over 100 deaths to the virus and confirmed infections on thousands of others. 

      The virus has begun spreading to nearby countries, and it has even made its way to U.S. shores. The CDC has confirmed five cases of coronavirus in the U.S. so far, affecting consumers in Washington, Illinois, Arizona, and California. On Monday, the agency stated that it was “aggressively responding to this serious public health situation to help protect the health of Americans.”

      In addition to avoiding travel to areas hit by the virus, health officials are urging consumers to practice safe hygiene and avoid contact with others who show symptoms of sickness and are at risk of infection. The CDC will be continuing to provide updates on the status of the outbreak on its website.

      The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that consumers cancel any nonessential to China due to a deadly outbreak of coronaviru...
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      Middle school teachers face very high levels of stress

      Researchers say strategies need to be implemented to help these professionals

      With many teachers looking to leave their profession after less than a decade, and many citing high stress levels, the results from a new study conducted by researchers from the University of Missouri-Columbia shouldn’t be all that surprising for consumers. 

      The study revealed that middle school teachers have higher than normal stress levels, which experts attribute to the myriad of changes students experience at this period of adolescence. However, many teachers are left to deal with the repercussions of such stress levels by themselves. 

      “Many studies of teacher stress have used samples from elementary schools,” said researcher Keith Herman. “However, middle school is a particularly important time in students’ lives as they transition from elementary school and have many different teachers. It’s critical that we understand how stress impacts middle school teachers so we can find ways to support them.” 

      Assessing stress levels

      To determine middle school teachers’ stress levels, the researchers assessed three primary measures using a combination of classroom observation and teacher questionnaires. 

      The first step was having the teachers complete surveys that allowed them to rank their stress and how successful they felt they were coping with it. Student behavior was the second part of the study; the researchers observed students during the course of a school day and then had the teachers reflect on their experiences. The last component was interactions with parents, which the teachers self-reported on in a questionnaire. 

      Overall, nearly 95 percent of the middle school teachers reported feeling high levels of stress. 

      While this is concerning because of how quickly teachers seem to be leaving their jobs, the researchers are also concerned because many of the teachers involved in this study reported not feeling confident in their coping skills. Just six percent of the 102 teachers involved in the study achieved the optimal balance, which is low stress levels with successful coping skills. 

      “The evidence is clear that teacher stress is related to student stress, so it is critical that we find ways to reduce stressful school environments while also helping teachers cope with the demands of their jobs,” said Herman. 

      Improving conditions

      Moving forward, the researchers hope that these findings prompt school districts to follow the lead of other workplaces that offer their employees health and wellness services. 

      Having that outlet could be a valuable tool that promotes better overall mental and physical health and helps teachers ease their stress levels . 

      “There are research-based tools that can help screen and identify teachers who might be at risk for problems with stress, coping, and the risk of burnout,” said Herman. “...It is imperative that district and school leaders emaine policies and practices that make the job less burdensome while also supporting teacher well-being.” 

      With many teachers looking to leave their profession after less than a decade, and many citing high stress levels, the results from a new study conducted b...
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      Eating one egg per day doesn’t increase risk of heart disease, researchers say

      Study findings suggest that eating eggs in moderation can be safe for consumers

      Experts have long been debating whether consumers should incorporate eggs into their diets or steer clear, as recent studies have cited the popular breakfast food as being the cause for anything from type 2 diabetes to premature death.

      Now, researchers from McMaster’s University say that consumers shouldn’t fear eggs, as enjoying eggs in moderation won’t increase the risk for heart disease. 

      “Moderate egg intake, which is about one egg per day in most people, does not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease or mortality even if people have a history of cardiovascular disease or diabetes,” said researcher Mahshid Dehghan. “Also, no association was found between egg intake and blood cholesterol, its components, or other risk factors. These results are robust and widely applicable to healthy individuals and those with vascular disease.”  

      Finding moderation with eggs

      To assess the health risks associated with eating eggs, the researchers analyzed results from three of the largest studies conducted by researchers from the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI). 

      The three studies included a total of nearly 200,000 participants across six continents that were at varying stages of health. Some had been diagnosed with heart disease and others were healthy, which gave the researchers a wide range of data to work from. 

      Ultimately, the study revealed that consumers shouldn’t worry about eating eggs when it comes to their heart health -- as long as it is done in moderation. The one egg limit supports some previous research which found that eating one egg per day can actually reduce the risk of heart disease. 

      Experts have long been debating whether consumers should incorporate eggs into their diets or steer clear, as recent studies have cited the popular breakfa...
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      Domestic violence can double risk of depression and anxiety

      Warning signs early on can lead to huge consequences later in life

      It’s a sad fact, but domestic violence is more common than many people realize. While it’s an uncomfortable subject to talk about, findings from a recent study show that addressing the issue can be important from a public health standpoint. 

      Researchers from the University of Queensland found that victims of domestic violence are at nearly twice the risk of developing depression and anxiety orders later in life when compared to those who don’t experience this kind of abuse. The findings were true for both men and women, and the consequences could be flying under the radar.

      "The number of men and women who experience intimate partner violence is very similar, leading us to believe couples are more likely to abuse each other," said professor Jake Najman. "People generally don't end up in the hospital or a shelter, but there is a serious mental burden from this type of abuse.”

      Depression and anxiety disorders

      Najman and the research team found that partner violence -- which can include physical abuse like smacking, pushing, or shoving -- can be especially harmful when it starts early in a person’s life. 

      The team says people who experienced this kind of abuse at the age of 21 had shown serious signs of mental illness by the age of 30. This tended to vary between the genders, as women were more likely to develop depression and men were more prone to different types of anxiety disorders. Weathering this kind of abuse over a longer period of time can make these issues even worse. 

      "It also raises the question, to what extent is this type of violent behaviour not just a characteristic of the relationship the couple has with each other, but with other people around them and possibly their children," Professor Najman said.

      "There is a range of treatment and counselling programs available for couples and families to try and improve the way they relate to one another."

      The team’s full study has been published in the journal Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric.

      It’s a sad fact, but domestic violence is more common than many people realize. While it’s an uncomfortable subject to talk about, findings from a recent s...
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      Lipari Foods expands recall of Premo and Fresh Grab sandwiches

      The products may be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes

      Lipari Foods is expanding its earlier recall of Premo and Fresh Grab sandwiches to include all sandwiches with a Best By date of February 6, 2020 and earlier.

      The products may be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes.

      No illnesses have been reported to date.

      The following items, which were shipped beginning December 20, 2019, are being recalled:

      BrandProductLipari #SizeBest By DateUPC
      PremoItalian Footlong Sandwich9964318oz.01/08/20-02/02/20612510093535
      PremoTurkey & Cheese on a Pretzel Sub Bun9964287oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510094037
      PremoHam & Cheese on a Hawaiian Bun9964256oz.01/02/20-01/27/20612510093511
      PremoMeat Lovers Sub9708447oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510093832
      PremoBologna & Cheese Wedge Sandwich9202205oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510093306
      PremoTuna Salad Wedge Sandwich9155795oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002049
      PremoTuna Salad Wedge Sandwich2936725oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002049
      PremoChicken & Swiss Cheese Sandwich9155725oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003213
      PremoChicken & Swiss Cheese Sandwich2080045oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003213
      PremoPub Burger with Cheese9155655oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003015
      PremoPub Burger with Cheese2079705oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003015
      PremoAsiago Italian Sub Sandwich9155586oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001196
      PremoAsiago Italian Sub Sandwich2079196oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001196
      PremoKing Club Footlong Sub Sandwich9155519oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001080
      PremoHam & Provolone Sub Sandwich9155446oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001059
      PremoHam & Provolone Sub Sandwich2078516oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001059
      PremoTurkey & Swiss Cheese Sub Sandwich9155376oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001042
      PremoTurkey & Swiss Cheese Sub Sandwich2078346oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001042
      PremoChicken Salad Wedge Sandwich9155305oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002032
      PremoChicken Salad Wedge Sandwich2077155oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002032
      PremoEgg Salad Wedge Sandwich9155235oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002025
      PremoEgg Salad Wedge Sandwich2076985oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002025
      PremoTurkey & Cheese Wedge Sandwich9155165oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002018
      PremoTurkey & Cheese Wedge Sandwich2076815oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002018
      PremoHam & Cheese Wedge Sandwich9155095oz.01/12/20-2/06/20612510002001
      PremoHam & Chipotle Mayo on Glazed Roll9154956oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510088500
      PremoHam & Chipotle Mayo on Glazed Roll2074566oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510088500
      PremoTurkey & Garlic Mayo on Split-Top Roll9154886oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510088494
      PremoTurkey & Garlic Mayo on Split-Top Roll2074556oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510088494
      Fresh GrabTurkey & Provolone with Garlic Mayo4559566oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510090435
      Fresh GrabHam & Cheddar with Chipotle Mayo4559396oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510090428
      Fresh GrabTuna Salad Wedge Sandwich2820225oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002049
      Fresh GrabHam & Cheese on White Wedge Sandwich2534795oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510093962
      Fresh GrabTurkey No Cheese Wedge Sandwich2534455oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002100
      Fresh GrabChicken Salad Wedge Sandwich2533775oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002032
      Fresh GrabEgg Salad Wedge Sandwich2529015oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002025
      Fresh GrabTurkey & Cheese Wedge Sandwich2527825oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002018
      Fresh GrabHam & Cheese Wedge Sandwich2526465oz.01/12/20-02/06/20612510002001
      Fresh GrabChicken Buddies2525957oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003602
      Fresh GrabChicken Sandwich2525273.5 oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510007020
      Fresh GrabHam & Cheese Sandwich252493

      3.5 oz.

      01/09/20-02/03/20612510007006
      Fresh GrabChicken & Swiss Cheese Sandwich2522045oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003213
      Fresh GrabBreakfast Muffin2521536oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510003039
      Fresh GrabSmoked Turkey Sandwich2518986oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510007204
      Fresh GrabAsiago Italian Sub Sandwich25184760z.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001196
      Fresh GrabClub Sub Sandwich2517966oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001165
      Fresh GrabHam & Provolone Sub Sandwich2517456oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001059
      Fresh GrabTurkey & Swiss Cheese Sub Sandwich2516946oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001042
      Fresh GrabHam & Swiss on Pretzel Sub Bun2516266oz.01/09/20-02/03/20612510001028
      PremoTurkey, Bacon, & Cheddar Ciabatta Sandwich2264426oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510007815
      PremoItalian Ciabatta Sandwich2263236oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510007808
      PremoPesto Chicken Ciabatta2262726oz.01/07/20-02/01/20612510007228

      The recalled products were distributed exclusively by Lipari Foods to food service and retail stores throughout Alabama, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

      What to do

      Customers who purchased the recalled products should not consume them, but discard or return them to the place of purchase.

      Consumers with questions may call (800) 729-3354, from 8:15 am – 4:30 pm (EST) Monday through Friday.

      Lipari Foods is expanding its earlier recall of Premo and Fresh Grab sandwiches to include all sandwiches with a Best By date of February 6, 2020 and earli...
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      BMW recalls model year 2019-2020 330i and 330i xDrive vehicles

      BMW recalls model year 2019-2020 330i and 330i xDrive vehicles

      BMW of North America is recalling 135 model year 2019-2020 330i and 330i xDrive vehicles.

      The outboard rear seat belt pretensioners may not lock as intended during a crash, increasing risk of injury.

      What to do

      BMW will notify owners, and dealers will replace the rear seat belts free of charge.

      The recall is expected to begin February 10, 2020.

      Owners may contact BMW customer at (800) 525-7417.

      BMW of North America is recalling 135 model year 2019-2020 330i and 330i xDrive vehicles. The outboard rear seat belt pretensioners may not lock as inte...
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      CDC issues stronger warning about travel to China in wake of coronavirus outbreak

      The virus has now killed over 100 people and infected thousands more

      A dangerous outbreak of coronavirus that originated in China has forced the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to take a harder stance on travel to the area. 

      In an updated advisory, the agency said that all nonessential travel to any area of the country should be canceled. Chinese officials say that the virus is currently able to spread from person to person in the region, and that has led to over 100 deaths and 4,500 infections. 

      The CDC notes that person-to-person transmission has not been reported in locations outside of China. As many as 5 cases have been reported in the U.S. in the states of Arizona, California, Illinois, and Washington

      “Based on current information, the immediate health risk from 2019-nCoV to the general American public is considered low at this time. However, risk is dependent on exposure and some people will have greater risk of infection, for example, healthcare workers caring for 2019-nCoV patients and other close contacts,” the CDC stated.

      “CDC is aggressively responding to this serious public health situation to help protect the health of Americans.”

      The agency says that it will be providing an updated advisory for healthcare officials later this week. More information about the current outbreak can be found on the agency’s website here.

      A dangerous outbreak of coronavirus that originated in China has forced the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to take a harder stance on tra...
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      McDonald’s adds chicken sandwiches to its breakfast menu

      The company continues to play chicken with its competitors by improving its offerings

      McDonald’s doesn’t care if the chicken came before the egg or not, evidently. The fast food king has announced that it’s adding chicken sandwiches to its breakfast menu at all of its 16,000+ U.S. outlets. 

      The company has been feeling the heat from Chick-Fil-A and Popeyes in regards to chicken, and Wendy’s and Dunkin’ are also both trying to elbow in on its breakfast business. 

      “We’re giving our customers more of what they crave: mouthwatering chicken and breakfast options,” the company’s vice president of menu innovation, Linda VanGosen, said in a statement.

      The latest breakfast additions to McDonald’s menu are Chicken McGriddles and McChicken Biscuit sandwiches. Since its foray into the breakfast market courtesy of the Egg McMuffin back in 1971, McDonald’s has done its best to fend off competitors like Taco Bell with its breakfast burritos by trying to stay ahead of the field with innovations like McGriddles and the introduction of All Day Breakfast.

      Time is of the essence

      In announcing the new breakfast items, McDonald’s also crowed about its improved drive-thru wait times -- a 20-second improvement in 2019. While 20 seconds may not seem like a lot, VanGossen said that the chain showed its fastest drive-thru time in two years in 2019. 

      McDonald’s is lagging way behind its peers and is doing all it can to make every minute count. Dunkin’ owns the speed category and is a good minute-plus faster than McDonald’s. 

      “Customers spent an average of 255 seconds from speaker to order window in 2019, about 20 seconds longer than in 2018,” noted QSR’s Rachel Pittman. “And with menus becoming more complex and lanes possibly getting more crowded with not only drive-thru customers but also those picking up mobile orders, it's going to be difficult for brands to shave off seconds moving forward.”

      McDonald’s doesn’t care if the chicken came before the egg or not, evidently. The fast food king has announced that it’s adding chicken sandwiches to its b...
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      Data breaches were more common in 2019, report finds

      While fewer files were exposed, experts say the trend is ‘a serious issue’

      The 2019 year-end report on identity crime is out, and the results aren’t very encouraging from a consumer standpoint.

      A quick thumbnail of the findings shows that the number of U.S. data breaches tracked in 2019 (1,473) increased 17 percent from the total number of breaches reported in 2018 (1,257). While fewer personal records were exposed overall year-over-year, it’s important to note that 2018 would have had nearly half of the number of exposures as 2019 if the 2018 Marriott data breach never happened. That breach exposed approximately 383,000,000 records on its own.

      The report comes from the Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC), a non-profit organization established to support victims of identity crime.

      Here’s how 2019 shakes out compared to 2018:

      Sector2019 Total Breaches2019 Sensitive Records Exposed2018 Total Breaches2018 Sensitive Records Exposed
      Business64418,824,975575438,952,056
      Medical/ Healthcare 52539,378,15736910,632,600
      Government/ Military833,606,11410018,447,92
      Banking/ Credit/ Financial108100,621,7001251,778,658 
      Education1132,252,439781,414,624

      “The increase in the number of data breaches during 2019, while not surprising, is a serious issue,” said Eva Velasquez, president and CEO of the Identity Theft Resource Center. “The 2019 reporting year sees a return to the pattern of the ever-increasing number of breaches and volume of records exposed… (meaning) that more consumers are becoming victims.”

      The impact on consumers

      In ConsumerAffairs breakdown of the report, there were a number of caution signs that consumers need to understand and steps they can take to protect their data. The authors make note of several areas that consumers should focus on:

      Convenience in banking and purchasing continues to enable data breaches and unsecure data. “Consumers/ businesses want ease of access to their data and frictionless transactions. Greater security measures often mean creating barriers to accessing data – which means more hoops to jump through and delays in completing a transaction. Shortcuts to strong security create a vulnerability that is easy to exploit, such as default security tools that do not force an automatic configuration update upon installation or easy-to-use/duplicated usernames and passwords,” the report states.

      Consumers have to do their part. “Frictionless engagement (an example being a cashierless store that allows consumers to select merchandise from a shelf and walk out of the store without stopping at a checkout stand), doesn’t equal consumer-first security,” the report warned. 

      “Every time a consumer requests convenience over a more secure engagement, it creates an environment where hackers and bad actors have fewer obstacles to getting to their payday. Consumers that continue to value convenience over security place their data in the cross-hairs. Consumers need to evaluate whether the additional convenience of faster access outweighs the increased security that additional measures provide. Does that extra couple of seconds mean more to you than the knowledge that your data is less accessible to ne’er-do-wells looking to profit from your PII (Personally identifiable information)?”

      Consumers aren’t using the protection tools available. “Lastly, consumers have tools available to them but don’t dismiss the warning signs,” the report admonished. “Got a notification letter that your data was exposed? Don’t toss it aside and ignore it. See a news story about a breach in the news regarding a company with which you do business? Go get more information to see what you may need to do to minimize your risks.”

      Consumer resources to improve identity protection

      Identity protection tools are one of those things that you don’t know you need until you really need them. And if your personal information gets compromised, spending as little as $7 a month for an extra layer of protection is well worth the expense.

      To that end, ConsumerAffairs has produced a guide on identity theft protection to help consumers navigate the various services and find one that best suits their needs. While it’s not identity theft protection service, per se, the ITRC has also created an app that can help keep consumers in the loop as to breaches that are occurring and tips on improving identity protection. It’s available here.

      The 2019 year-end report on identity crime is out, and the results aren’t very encouraging from a consumer standpoint.A quick thumbnail of the findings...
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      Children are most likely to feel the negative health effects of climate change

      Researchers say exposure to climate change in utero can lead to health complications

      The ways in which climate change affect consumers’ health -- particularly the youngest population -- have been documented at length. But new findings continue to shed more light on this area of study.

      Now, researchers from the University of Texas Health Science Center have found that children are the most likely demographic to experience health complications that arise from climate change. In fact, many could be exposed to those effects before they’re born. 

      “It is impossible to predict the scope and impact of climate change in future generations,” wrote researcher Dr. Susan E. Pacheco. “However, the convergence of multiple adverse health outcomes, coming from different pathways of exposure in the prenatal and postnatal life, will likely have a compounding effect that will accelerate or worsen the morbidity and mortality of many health conditions.” 

      Children at risk

      As temperatures continue to rise around the world and natural disasters become more frequent, Dr. Pacheco explained how the children are at the greatest risk of feeling the effects of living under such conditions. 

      She points to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which maintains that a steady increase in global temperatures will lead to three major risk factors for consumers to contend with: 

      • An increase of heat waves and fires, which will lead to greater numbers of disease and increased mortality rates as both food- and waterborne illnesses are likely to increase; 

      • An increase in pollutants that halt food production, which will affect consumers’ overall nutrition; and

      • An increase in diseases spread by ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas.

      While Dr. Pacheco is concerned about how these conditions will affect children when they’re young, her research also revealed that it could actually affect them before they’re born. Maternal stress, either from outside factors or due to weather-related disasters, was linked with birth complications that included low birth weight and premature birth. 

      Pacheco says it isn’t uncommon for children’s caretakers to struggle mentally and physically in their roles following natural disasters, which can leave young ones lacking basic care and amenities. 

      Taking action

      Children’s long-term health will continue to be at risk from a health standpoint, as they will not only grow up under these conditions but will experience them getting worse over time. 

      “We will continue to see an increase in heat-associated conditions in children, such as asthma, Lyme disease, as well as an increase in congenital heart defects,” said Dr. Pacheco. 

      Dr. Pacheco has a very simple call to action for consumers moving forward: avoid complacency. She explained that climate change won’t just disappear without serious intervention, and the youngest population is likely to suffer the most. 

      “We cannot act as if we are immune to these threats,” she said. “We can jump to action or stand in complacent indifference.”

      The ways in which climate change affect consumers’ health -- particularly the youngest population -- have been documented at length. But new findings conti...
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