Investment and rental property mortgage rates: 2022 guide
Learn how to get the best interest rate for an investment or rental property
Rental property mortgage rates and application rules differ significantly from those for a home you'll live in. In this article, you'll learn about these differences, how to lower your interest rate and the types of investment mortgages available.
- Rental property mortgage rates are higher than those for a primary residence.
- Many factors determine your interest rate, but you can take steps to lower it.
- Rental property loan types depend on the type of property and your borrowing needs.
How much higher are mortgage rates for investment properties?
If you’re considering an investment property, it’s important to know that mortgage rates for those tend to be higher than loans for a primary residence. Historically, loans for investment properties are riskier, so lenders charge higher interest rates. Lenders may also charge higher fees and have stricter underwriting guidelines for these loans.
Investment property mortgage rates tend to be 0.25% to 0.75% higher than those for a home you'll live in. Patrick Stoy, president and senior mortgage advisor of MC Mortgage Group in Wilmington, North Carolina, said that investment property spreads are the highest he's seen in his 23 years in the mortgage business. "Right now, rental property rates are averaging around 1.5% higher than a conventional 30-year fixed loan with 20% down," he said.
Factors that affect investment property interest rates
When you’re applying for an investment or rental property mortgage, it pays to understand which factors can affect your loan interest rates. Each lender may weigh these factors differently, so shop around to find the best mortgage for your needs.
- Credit score: Borrowers with higher credit scores tend to qualify for lower mortgage rates. Some loan programs require minimum credit scores.
- Cash reserves: Cash reserves are the money you have access to if you need to pay for repairs, make mortgage payments or cover other expenses. Lenders prefer that you have at least six months’ worth of mortgage payments saved for a property. The higher your reserves are, the lower the risk of your loan is.
- Loan-to-value (LTV) ratio: The lower your LTV ratio, the less risk there is for the lender. You may qualify for a better interest rate by having a larger down payment on a new property or borrowing a smaller amount against your equity if you’re refinancing a property you already own.
- Debt-to-income (DTI) ratio: A lower DTI ratio means you have more disposable income to cover your monthly obligations. This means you present less risk to the lender. Paying off debt to lower your DTI ratio can help you secure a better interest rate.
- Property types: Different property types carry different risk levels. Borrowing from a lender specializing in your property could get you a better interest rate.
Ways to get a lower rate for your investment property
You can qualify for a lower interest rate by doing the following before applying for your investment property mortgage. Some of these steps take time, so begin as early as you can.
- Improve your credit score. Avoid unnecessary credit inquiries, keep revolving balances low and make all payments on time to increase your credit score. Borrowers with higher credit scores often qualify for the best interest rates and terms.
- Reduce or eliminate other debt payments. You can improve your DTI ratio by reducing your credit card and line of credit balances and paying off other loans. Lowering your DTI ratio can qualify you for a better interest rate and make you eligible for certain loan programs.
- Make a bigger down payment. A bigger down payment reduces the loan’s LTV ratio and may qualify you for lower interest rates. Additionally, a smaller loan means a lower DTI ratio, which can help you qualify for the best rates.
- Shop around and compare rates. Different lenders have different qualifications and ideal customer types. Plus, not all lenders offer all loan programs. Shop around to find a lender with programs that meet your borrowing needs and competitive rates and fees.
- Choose a variable-rate loan. Variable-rate loans often have lower starting interest rates than fixed-rate mortgages. They’re best for investors who plan on refinancing or selling the property within a few years.
- Boost your cash reserves. Increase your cash reserves by selling assets, reducing expenses or other strategies. The more you can build your cash reserves, the better the loan programs you may qualify for.
Different types of rental property mortgages
Not all rental property mortgages are created equal. There are different types of mortgages based on the type of property you're borrowing against and your financing needs. These are the most common rental property mortgage types:
- Conventional loans
- Government-backed loans
- Down-payment assistance programs
- Hard money loans
- Blanket loans
- Portfolio loans
- Commercial loans
- Seller financing
Some investors use a home equity line of credit (HELOC) against their primary residence or a margin loan against their investments to purchase or finance their investment properties. These strategies minimize the average cost and time it takes to qualify for a typical mortgage to buy a property. In a competitive market, that can give you an advantage over other bidders.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
How much do I have to put down on an investment property?
The required down payment for an investment property varies by lender and loan program, but most programs offer better interest rates for a larger down payment. Most lenders require a down payment of 15% to 30% for buying an investment property. Some government programs and private lenders may require much less.
What credit score do I need to qualify for an investment property loan?
Credit score requirements vary based on the lender, the loan program and your loan details. For example, an investor buying a single-family home to use as a rental property can get a conforming loan with a credit score of 620. By comparison, private lenders or other loan programs may not require a minimum credit score at all.
Should I buy an investment property with a partner?
Combining finances with the right partner can make purchasing a rental property much easier. Partners can provide increased financial resources and industry knowledge, but they can also complicate your business if you're not careful. It is best to proceed with caution and ensure everything is in writing to minimize misunderstanding.
- Article sources
- ConsumerAffairs writers primarily rely on government data, industry experts and original research from other reputable publications to inform their work. To learn more about the content on our site, visit our FAQ page. Specific sources for this article include:
- Chase Bank, "Primary, secondary and investment property: What are the differences?" Accessed Dec. 4, 2022.
- Zillow, "Investment Property Mortgages: Everything You Need to Know." Accessed Dec. 4, 2022.
- Better, "Can I get a conventional loan for vacation or investment properties?" Accessed Dec. 4, 2022.
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