Using a personal loan to pay off credit card debt
How to use a personal loan for debt repayment
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Paying off credit card debt with a personal loan can be a great way to better your financial situation. By consolidating your debts into a new loan, you have one monthly bill to keep track of rather than multiple due dates. Plus, you can eliminate your debt burden faster.
However, a personal loan isn’t always the best option for debt repayment. Here’s what you should consider before using one.
- A personal loan can combine multiple credit card bills into one monthly payment.
- A personal loan with a high interest rate can make your debt harder to repay, so it’s not always the best option.
- A 0% introductory rate credit card could be more cost-effective for repaying debt.
What is the difference between a personal loan and a credit card?
Personal loans and credit cards are both forms of borrowing from a lender, but they work differently.
Lenders give personal loans to approved borrowers for a set amount of money at a fixed interest rate over a fixed term. You get the money in a lump sum and start repaying a personal loan immediately, and the monthly payment is the same for each billing cycle. You can’t add debt to your personal loan; if you need more funds, you must take out a new loan.
A credit card is a revolving line of credit. The credit card company sets a credit limit on your card based on your creditworthiness, and you can borrow up to this limit. Once you repay credit card charges, that credit is available to use again. Credit cards have variable annual percentage rates (APRs) and require only a minimum payment each month.
However, if you only make the minimum payment, you incur interest that adds to your balance, making the debt harder to pay off. This is why many people feel like they’re in a never-ending debt cycle. If you’re struggling to pay off debt, switching your variable-rate credit card debt to a fixed-term personal loan could help.
Benefits of using a personal loan to pay down credit card debt
There are many perks to rolling your credit card debts into one personal loan, especially if you can secure a lower interest rate than your credit card APR. Paying off debt with a lower interest rate can save you a lot of money monthly and on the life of the debt.
Many consumers find juggling multiple debts and bills overwhelming, and a personal loan can solve this problem. With a fixed-rate loan, you will know exactly how much you owe each month, how long you will be paying your loan and how much total interest you will pay. This method can help you pay off your debt faster, since there is a set end date. Credit cards are a revolving line of credit with a variable APR, making it hard to know when you will pay off your card in full.
Using a personal loan to repay credit card debt can also significantly increase your credit score, as long as you aren’t adding to your credit card debt while paying off your loan. Your FICO credit score is made up of five categories:
- Payment history
- Amounts owed
- Length of credit history
- New credit
- Credit mix
Payment history and amounts owed, which includes credit utilization ratio, together make up 65% of your credit score. Using a personal loan to repay your credit cards can improve both of these categories if you make on-time loan payments each month and lower your credit card balances (which reduces your credit utilization ratio).
Pitfalls of using a personal loan to pay down credit card debt
While consolidating credit card debt with a personal loan is a good choice for many, it isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution.
“A personal loan may not be the answer if you’re not confronting the real issue,” said Barry Rafferty, chief information officer at the digital finance company Achieve. “If you’re looking to a loan to help because you’re not living within your means, it’s just a temporary fix. Be sure to understand the place a personal loan would have in your overall finances — now and [in the] future.”
Your creditworthiness also determines whether a personal loan is a good option for you. If you have a low credit score or low income, a lender might give you a higher interest rate, making your debt load even costlier.
Additionally, if you can’t afford to make the loan’s monthly payments, getting one is not the right choice. With credit cards, the minimum monthly payment is usually easier to swing on a tight budget.
“If you’re in significant debt, having a hard time making even minimum payments and perhaps have endured some type of financial hardship [such as] job loss, divorce or major medical expense, a personal loan probably is not the best answer,” Rafferty said.
In these cases, consider other options for debt consolidation (more on those in a moment).
How to pay off credit cards with a personal loan
Many lenders offer a loan quote without any effect on your credit score. Getting quotes from multiple lenders will help you determine if you can afford the monthly loan payments and what rate range you qualify for.
If your credit score is keeping you from the best rates, consider taking two to three months to work on that first. Make on-time payments and pay down as much credit card debt as possible.
Once you decide which lender and repayment length is best for you, the loan application is fairly simple. Most lenders will want to see:
- Proof of identity
- Proof of income
- Proof of address
- Bank information or creditor information (if the lender is paying the creditor directly)
- What you plan to use the loan for
Lenders perform a hard pull on your credit during the official application process, which could temporarily decrease your credit score.
Most lenders with online applications approve qualified applicants within one to three days. If you’re not approved, you will receive information stating why.
Once your application is approved, you’ll receive the final loan terms and ate. At this point, you can change your mind about the loan without any consequences — apart from the ding on your credit score. If you agree to the terms, you’ll receive the funds within one to three days, or the lender will pay off the designated creditor(s) directly.
Alternatives to using a personal loan for credit card debt
If you want to tackle your credit card debt, using a personal loan for consolidation isn’t the only option. You can also consider the following strategies:
- Pay off debt yourself
- According to Rafferty, the CIO at Achieve, “The best way to pay off credit card debt is to do so on your own, with the help of a good budget and the avalanche or snowball method.”
These debt repayment strategies involve paying extra toward one debt to see some quick wins. In the avalanche method, you put money toward high-interest debts first to save more in the long run. In the snowball method, you pay off low-balance debts first to gain momentum.
- Pull from your home equity
- If you’re a homeowner, you could consider drawing funds from your home equity .“Depending on an individual’s situation, a home equity loan or home equity line of credit could possibly still offer lower interest rates than a personal loan if you have enough equity in your house to qualify and very good credit, Rafferty said. “Still, since a home equity loan and line of credit both use the home as collateral, there is inherent risk with these options.”
- Do a 0% APR balance transfer
- Finally, if your credit score is high enough to qualify for a 0% introductory rate credit card, you can transfer your debts to that card. These promotional interest rates typically last between six to 18 months. You’ll need to pay off the entire balance before the rate expires, or you’ll incur interest costs. Bear in mind there is often a balance transfer fee.
How will using a personal loan to pay off a credit card affect my credit score?
You might see a minimal decrease in your credit score from the credit inquiry, but the effect shouldn’t last more than a year. Your credit score should also increase because your credit utilization ratio will improve. Your credit utilization ratio is calculated by dividing your total credit card debt by your total credit card limit. It is best to have a credit utilization ratio under 30%, though between 1% and 10% is ideal.
When does using a personal loan make sense for paying off my credit cards?
If you can qualify for a low interest rate and can afford the set payment each month, a personal loan can help you save money on interest and repay your debt faster.
Is using a personal loan for my credit card debt safe?
There is some risk in choosing to repay your credit card debt with a personal loan. If you default on your loan as a result of not making payments, you may ruin your credit score. Additionally, if you don’t change your financial habits to address why you got into debt in the first place, you could find yourself adding new debt on top of your old debt.
- Article sources
- ConsumerAffairs writers primarily rely on government data, industry experts and original research from other reputable publications to inform their work. Specific sources for this article include:
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