A home warranty is like an insurance policy that covers repair or replacement of major appliances and systems, including electrical, plumbing, heating and cooling, when they break down during normal use. Most people get a plan when they buy or sell a house. However, you can take out a policy at any time.
In general, a homebuyer warranty and a homeowner (seller) warranty cover similar services. For both, it costs anywhere from $300 to $600 for a one-year term. However, there are a few differences you should be aware of.
Differences between a homebuyer warranty and a homeowner warranty
Like the names imply, a homebuyer warranty is for someone who is buying a new home and wishes to take out extra protection on it, and a homeowner warranty is for someone who currently owns a home and wants extra insurance while it sits on the market. Typically, homebuyer warranties are obtained when someone is listing their home to be sold, but they can be taken out at any time.
Both policies can cover the same things, like heating and cooling systems, refrigerators, washers and dryers, plumbing, electrical systems, ovens and dishwashers. A homebuyer might take out a policy on a newly purchased home if they're unsure of the life span or condition of the systems or appliances, while a homeowner would take out a policy to ensure none of these major systems break down and cause problems during the sale.
Home warranties generally do not cover anything that the seller discloses in the listing or anything faulty in the inspection report. Because most sellers ensure that appliances and home systems are in working order before they sell or disclose any that are not, a homebuyer policy tends to be less expensive than a homeowner policy. Warranty providers assume there’s less that can go wrong. A homeowner policy tends to be more expensive because it usually covers everything that could potentially fail in a home. For more information, learn about the differences between a home warranty and insurance.
Home warranty benefits for the seller
If you’re selling a house, a home warranty works by saving you money on repairs while you are looking for a buyer. Here are a few of the major reasons why a seller would want to purchase a warranty while their home is on the market:
- Incentive for buyers: If you’re selling in a buyer’s market — where home inventory is high and buyers have the advantage — offering a home warranty can incentivize a buyer to make an offer since they’ll know they have security against expensive repairs.
- Protection for older appliances: Even if your appliances are in working order, they may be older and will fail at some point. Seller’s coverage can guard against these potential repair costs while your home is listed.
- Help with maintaining a budget: Selling a home comes with many added costs, especially if the home is vacant when you sell, since you have to keep up with mortgage payments until the sale closes. The last thing you want is unforeseen costs due to a broken appliance or home system, which could delay the sale.
- Peace of mind: Selling a home can be a stressful time, and paying the extra money for a warranty offers peace of mind that even if problems do come up, you’ve got a plan in place to handle them.
Home warranty benefits for the buyer
Homebuyers can benefit just as much from warranty policies as sellers do. The overall cost of a warranty plan, including service fees, often comes out lower than the price of parts and labor on major repairs. When something breaks, the warranty provider connects with a licensed local contractor. You only have to pay a service fee — a flat rate of $75 to $125, depending on the terms of your contract — for the contractor to visit and diagnose the problem, and the home warranty company pays the rest. If the local technician is unable to repair the appliances or system, the warranty company pays for a replacement item.
Here are some of the most significant reasons a buyer might want to take out a policy:
- Financial protection: A home purchase is likely the biggest purchase of your life. You want to ensure it stays in working order. A home warranty can be a cost-effective way to protect your new investment.
- Easy access to repairs: When you have a home warranty, you don’t have to figure out what local contractor or technician to choose. Home warranty companies have a network of licensed, insured contractors and find one for you. This is one less thing to think about as you’re settling into your new home.
- Potential to pass costs off to the seller: In some cases, a buyer can request that the seller pays for the homebuyer’s warranty as part of the sale process. If the buyer is in a strong position, a seller will often agree to include a home warranty.
- Limits out-of-pocket expenses: There are a number of costs that go along with buying a new home, such as moving expenses and closing costs. By taking out a home warranty, you are protecting your budget against unforeseen costs.
Home warranty FAQ
- Is a home warranty part of closing costs?
- A home warranty is not a standard part of closing costs. However, a buyer can request that the seller pays for a home warranty in the final negotiations during closing. If both parties agree, the warranty can be included in the closing costs.
- Do real estate agents get commission on a home warranty?
- No, the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act prohibits real estate agents from getting compensated for referring homebuyers to a home warranty company. Real estate agents can still recommend that you use a certain home warranty company, though.
- Should you ask for a home warranty when buying a house?
- It probably won’t hurt (of course, the seller can always refuse). However, if there are multiple offers, you could make yours less appealing by requesting too much. We suggest working with an agent to decide if asking for one is worth it or not.
- Are home warranties transferable?
- Yes, home warranties are transferable. This is usually an easy process — especially moving a homeowner’s plan over to the new buyer. Most home warranties are valid for an entire year, and providers know that a transfer is likely with sellers. In some cases, the warranty provider may charge a small transfer fee. Check with a provider directly to learn about its specific policies.
- How do you select the best home warranty protection plan?
- Choose a reputable company and a plan with home warranty coverage for systems and appliances most likely to break down in your home. Ask each company you’re considering if there are options for service call fees, and request to see a sample contract so you know exactly what’s covered, the waiting period and the coverage limits. Make sure it’s easy to file a claim and that repairs are guaranteed. Don’t forget to read reviews from current and former customers. It’s also a good idea to get quotes from multiple companies before choosing a provider.
- What happens if a home warranty is not honored?
- If your claim is denied, double-check your home warranty contract. Policies have a lot of fine print; they may exclude coverage if you haven’t properly maintained an appliance, for example, or exclude certain components from repair. If you still aren’t satisfied, ask about how to appeal the denied claim. Document and save all communication you have with your warranty provider. If you worked with a real estate agent to purchase a home warranty, let the agent know about the situation.
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