The Federal Trade Commission has charged three related dietary supplement companies located in Norcross, Georgia, and a physician with deceiving consumers through deceptive advertising for their weight-loss and erectile dysfunction products.
The Commissions complaint alleges that the defendants made deceptive claims about the effectiveness and safety of Thermalean and Lipodrene, purported weight-loss products with ephedra, and Spontane-ES, a purported erectile dysfunction product with yohimbine.
The FTC filed charges against National Urological Group, Inc.; National Institute for Clinical Weight Loss, Inc.; Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Jared Wheat; Thomasz Holda; Stephen Smith; Michael Howell; and Dr. Terrill Mark Wright.
The case is part of the agencys ongoing effort to combat deceptive claims for dietary supplements that purport to enable obese or overweight consumers to lose substantial amounts of weight safely.
Weight Loss Claims
According to the FTCs complaint, the defendants direct mail and Internet advertisements contained false and unsubstantiated efficacy and safety claims for the weight-loss products Thermalean and Lipodrene.
The central theme of the Thermalean advertising campaign was that the product was an effective treatment for obesity, and that it combined the weight-loss benefits of three different prescription drugs. Consumers paid $80 for a two-month supply of Thermalean. The defendants promoted Lipodrene as a dietary supplement that had undergone substantial clinical testing proving that it enabled consumers to lose large amounts of weight safely. Consumers paid about $30 for a one-month supply of Lipodrene. The active ingredient in Thermalean and Lipodrene was ephedra.
The FTC has alleged that, contrary to the defendants claims, dietary supplements with ephedra do not cause substantial, long-term weight loss, and create safety risks because they increase blood pressure and stress the circulatory system.
In April 2004, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned sales of dietary supplements with ephedra because they pose an unreasonable risk of illness or injury. The defendants have not advertised or sold Thermalean or Lipodrene containing ephedra since the FDA prohibited the sale of dietary supplements containing ephedra.
Erectile Dysfunction Claims
The FTCs complaint also alleges that the defendants represented that Spontane-ES, a dietary supplement with yohimbine, was effective in treating erectile dysfunction in 90 percent of users and Spontane-ES was safe. Consumers paid about $100 for a 60-count bottle of Spontane-ES.
The Commission challenged the defendants specific 90 percent efficacy claims as unsubstantiated. The FTC also alleged that their safety claim for Spontane-ES was unsubstantiated, because yohimbine creates safety risks by significantly raising blood pressure and interacting adversely with certain medications, such as beta-blockers that are used to treat heart disease.
The defendants, according to the FTC, made further deceptive claims to reinforce the efficacy and safety claims they were making for their products. The FTC also alleged that ads for Thermalean contained several deceptive claims made by Dr. Wright, who is named in the complaint.
In addition, the defendants allegedly made the false claim in ads that Warner Laboratories and the National Institute for Clinical Weight Loss were legitimate research or medical facilities engaged in the scientific or medical research and testing of their products.
The FTC complaint seeks injunctive and other equitable relief including, but not limited to, consumer redress, restitution, and disgorgement of ill-gotten gains.