The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a warning letter to Breathable Foods Inc., makers of AeroShot, for alleged false or misleading statements in the labeling of the "caffeine inhaler."
The agency said it also has questions about the safety of the inhaler and expressed concern about the use of AeroShot by children and adolescents and in combination with alcohol. The company claims AeroShot is designed to provide “breathable energy, anytime, anyplace.” The company also claims on its website that its product is intended to be ingested by swallowing.
The company’s labeling is false or misleading because these two claims contradict each other, the FDA said. A product cannot be intended for both inhalation and ingestion because the functioning of the epiglottis in the throat keeps the processes of inhaling and swallowing separate.
FDA is also concerned about AeroShot’s safety because label statements such as “breathable energy” may confuse consumers about the proper use of AeroShot and encourage them to try to inhale it into their lungs.
Caffeine is not normally inhaled into the lungs and the safety of doing so has not been well studied. While the company claims on its website that decades of research have established that the particles in AeroShot are too big to enter the lungs, the company does not point to any specific research in support of this claim, the FDA said.
The product is the brainchild of Dr. David Edwards, a Harvard professor who has also developed inhaled insulin and vaccine products.
Edwards has also been promoting WikiCells -- edible food packaging. AeroShot is so far available only in Massachusetts, New York and France.
It sells for $2.99 and is classified as a dietary supplement, a classification the FDA is also likely to investigate.
Available to minors
In addition, the company’s website indicates that AeroShot is “not recommended for those under 18 years of age,” and the product label states that it is “not intended for people under 12.” But the website also appears to target these age groups by suggesting it be used when studying.
The AeroShot website also includes links to news articles and videos that refer to use of the product in conjunction with drinking alcohol. Although these news items do not advocate taking AeroShot while drinking alcohol and express health concerns about such use, the presence of the news items on the AeroShot promotional website publicizes and therefore may encourage the use of AeroShot with alcohol.
While using caffeine when drinking may lead consumers to feel “less drunk,” it does not reduce blood alcohol levels.
FDA regulations require manufacturers to ensure that a product is safe and properly labeled before being brought to market. FDA has instructed Breathable Foods Inc. to correct the violations cited in the warning letter and provide information on research the company cites so the agency can evaluate the research. The company has 15 business days to respond to the agency with a plan to bring the product into compliance with FDA regulations.
The warning letter also charges that the product label does not include contact information for consumers to report any adverse events to the company, as required under federal law. Consumers who believe they have suffered illness or injury from using AeroShot should also report those events to their regional FDA Consumer Complaint Coordinators.