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FTC settles first case against weight loss product seller who bought fake reviews

The agency accused the company of using paid reviews to increase sales of its weight loss capsules

Photo (c) Prykhodov - Getty Images
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced on Tuesday that it had settled a case against an Amazon seller that allegedly used fake paid reviews and false claims in order to sell more of its product.

The agency accused Cure Encapsulations Inc. and owner Naftula Jacobwitz of paying to post glowing reviews for the product and maintain its 4.3 out of 5 star rating.

The product was previously listed as “Quality Encapsulations Garcinia Cambogia,” an herbal supplement marketed as a weight loss aid.

"Please make my product... stay a five star," Jacobowitz allegedly said in his communication with the fake review provider. According to the FTC, Jacobowitz paid the website $1,000 for 30 positive reviews.

Unsubstantiated claims

In its complaint, the FTC also accused the company of making false and unsubstantiated claims about the weight loss product. For example, one claim on the product’s listing page stated that it “literally blocks fat from forming.”

"People rely on reviews when they're shopping online," Andrew Smith, director of the FTC's Bureau of Consumer Protection, said in a statement. "When a company buys fake reviews to inflate its Amazon ratings, it hurts both shoppers and companies that play by the rules."

The Commission has fined the defendants $12.8 million for using fake reviews to boost sales. The company will pay the FTC $50,000 right away, and the remainder will be contingent on how much money the company has.

Cure Encapsulations is also barred from “making weight-loss, fat-blocking, or disease-treatment claims for dietary supplements, food, or drugs, unless they have reliable scientific evidence from clinical trials in humans” under the terms of the settlement.

Additionally, Jacobowitz must inform all previous buyers of the allegations and tell Amazon which reviews were paid for.

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